The emergence of computer communication technology has accelerated and offers great opportunities to fast, cost effective and efficient electronic communication. In addition, universities and other institutions across the globe are building up their own institutional repository centre. Therefore, librarians and library professionals should take initiative and come up with institutional repositories so that researchers and the scholars can access the scholarly publishing materials.

Definition of Institutional Repository
An Institutional Repository is an on-line focus for collecting and preserving in digital form the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution. Universities and other institutions are producing digital information base of their Ph.D. theses & dissertations, articles, reports, conference proceedings, Audio-Video records using Open Source software and making them available to their end users It also makes possible to give access to quality scholarship produced by the concerned universities and institutions to others throughout the world over the Internet. Explore best dissertation writing services at PhDify.com. An Institutional Repositories is “a digital collection capturing and preserving the intellectual output of a single or multi-university community.” It consists of formally organized and managed collections of digital content generated by faculty, staff and students at an institution. The content can be made available for integration with on-campus library and course management systems and also to colleagues and students at other institutions, as well as to the general public. An institutional repository is a web-based database (repository) of scholarly material. The institutional repositories collect stores and disseminate digital resources and long term preserves these digital materials. An institutional repository is a set of services that an institute/university offers to the members of its community for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by the institution and its community members.

Materials in Institutional Repository
IR may contain a wide variety of materials such as:
* pre-prints of articles or research reports;
* journal articles;
* course material;
* conference papers;
* teaching materials;
* hand-outs’;
* doctoral thesis and dissertations;
* student projects;
* monograph;
* datasets resulting from research projects;
* photographs and video recordings.

Objectives of Institutional Repository
* to create global visibility for an institution’s scholarly research; * to collect content in a single location;
* to provide open access to institutional research output by self-archiving it; * to store and preserve other institutional digital assets, including unpublished or otherwise easily lost (“grey”) literature (e.g., theses or technical reports).

Purpose of Institutional Repository
* It helps the work we do achieve a greater impact. The repository makes the University’s research and teaching and learning materials more visible and widely available. Students, funding bodies and other researchers can see and have access to the work we are doing. * It complies with funding requirements. Many of the major funding bodies worldwide now mandate that their funded research is deposited in a repository and made freely available for others to benefit from. * It protects our work. The Intellectual property of the University, it’s staff and students is maintained always available from a well-managed source. * It provides a central system for managing the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE)

Benefits of Institutional Repository
The great advantage of repositories is that they help institutions to develop coherent and coordinated approaches to the capture, identification, storage
and retrieval of their intellectual assets. These intellectual assets go beyond normal publishing regimes, and may include audio-visual objects, datasets, presentations, learning materials and research works. A managed approach to these assets enhances opportunities for efficient use of existing research, increases opportunities for improved learning experiences and encourages collaboration within and between different disciplines and groups. Academic staff and students need to store and retain their intellectual assets. They also need to make their work available and visible to others within and outside the institution, while managing their digital rights and maintaining the integrity of their work. A benefit of institutional repositories is that they enable the free sharing of information, encouraging collaboration and the widespread communication of institutional education and research activity.

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